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give a brief history of phosphate

The medicinal history of phosphorus Feature RSC Education

The medicinal history of phosphorus In the early Middle Ages 'physicians' treated most illnesses ineffectually, with herbs and plant extracts. Paracelsus (1493-1541) challenged this practice, suggesting inorganic chemical remedies would be better.

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phosphate mineral Description, Uses, Facts Britannica

See Article History Phosphate mineral, any of a group of naturally occurring inorganic salts of phosphoric acid, H 3 (PO 4). More than 200 species of phosphate minerals are recognized, and structurally they all have isolated (PO 4) tetrahedral units.

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The History and Future of Phosphorus - IFDC

11/10/2019  A Brief History of Phosphorus. Around 1669, in his basement in Hamburg, Germany, Hennig Brand, one of the last alchemists, boiled down about 1,500 gallons of human urine in search of the Philosopher’s Stone. These alchemists believed this mystic stone could transmute any metal into gold. As the liquid turned to sludge, Brand made a few adjustments

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A brief history of phosphorus: From the philosopher’s stone to

01/08/2011  Understanding the history of human-based phosphorus use can shed light on how we arrived at this unsustainable situation today, and assist in developing innovative solutions for future sustainable use of phosphorus. The story of phosphorus began with the alchemists search for the Philosopher’s Stone, and centuries later, the critical role of phosphorus in soil

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Brief History of Phosphate Mining in Florida

Florida has a long history of phosphate mining in the state. Florida’s “Bone Valley” region, encompassing 1.3-million acres in Central Florida, was created millions of years ago when sediment rich in phosphate was deposited in layers on the sea floor. Phosphate mining began in the state in 1883, in Alachua County. Mini

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Phosphorus II - Breaking the law? Pitchcare

30/05/2015  To give a brief history of this controversy plagued plant, reports from the 1960s, with suggestions of the death of many local fish stocks and cattle poisoning, were rife. The 1970s and 80s were marred by numerous breaches of EPA and local government policies, which resulted in repeated fines. 1989 saw the evacuation of hundreds of residences in the local

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Formulary Guidance for the Prescribing and Administration of

Phosphate should be used with caution in patients with low serum calcium concentrations as these may further decrease as phosphate is replaced. Oral phosphate replacement In moderate hypophosphataemia, phosphate may be replaced by increasing the dietary intake of dairy product and other foods high in phosphate (on the advice of a dietician). If dietary modifications are unsuitable, phosphate ...

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Hyperphosphatemia: Symptoms, Treatments, and Causes

01/11/2018  Hyperphosphatemia is when you have too much phosphate in your blood. Your body needs some phosphate, but in larger-than-normal amounts, phosphate can cause bone and muscle problems and increase ...

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Nauru - History Britannica

In 1906 the Pacific Phosphate Company, a British concern, negotiated an agreement with the German administration to begin the mining of Nauru’s phosphate deposits, and the operation began the following year. With the onset of World War I, a small Australian force occupied Nauru and removed most German nationals.

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Figure 1 from A brief history of phosphorus: from the ...

Fig. 1. The evolution of phosphorus use and abuse: from the Philosophers Stone to use in war, food production, and more recently implicated in water pollution. A new emerging discourse of the 21st century may be global phosphorus scarcity. Source: Cordell (2010). - "A brief history of phosphorus: from the philosopher's stone to nutrient recovery and reuse."

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Phosphorus - Element information, properties and uses ...

Phosphorus was first made by Hennig Brandt in Hamburg in Germany in 1669. When he evaporated urine and heated the residue until it was red hot. Glowing phosphorus vapour came off and he condensed it under water. And for more than 100 years most phosphorus was made this way. This was until people realised that bone was a great source of phosphorus. Bone

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[PDF] A brief history of phosphorus: from the philosopher ...

The element phosphorus has no substitute in sustaining all life and food production on our planet. Yet today's phosphorus use patterns have resulted in both a global environmental epidemic of eutrophication and led to a situation where the future availability of the world's main sources of phosphorus is uncertain. This paper examines the important history of human

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Phosphorus - Health Professional Fact Sheet

Phosphorus in supplements is usually in the form of phosphate salts (e.g., dipotassium phosphate or disodium phosphate) or phospholipids (e.g., phosphatidylcholine or phosphatidylserine). Products typically provide 10% or less of the DV for phosphorus, but a small proportion deliver more than 100% [ 30 ].

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The phosphorus cycle — Science Learning Hub

Phosphorus is a chemical element found on Earth in numerous compound forms, such as the phosphate ion (PO43-), located in water, soil and sediments. The quantities of phosphorus in soil are generally small, and this often limits plant growth. That is why people often apply phosphate fertilisers on farmland. Animals absorb phosphates by eating plants or plant-eating

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Phosphorylation - Wikipedia

The role of glucose 6-phosphate in glycogen synthase: High blood glucose concentration causes an increase in intracellular levels of glucose 6 phosphate in liver, skeletal muscle and fat (adipose) tissue. (ATP-D-glucose 6-phosphotransferase) and non-specific hexokinase (ATP-D-hexose 6-phosphotransferase). In liver, synthesis of glycogen is directly correlated by blood

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Phosphorus Cycle - Definition, Steps, Human Impact ...

05/06/2017  Phosphorus Cycle Definition. The phosphorus cycle is the process by which phosphorus moves through the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Phosphorus is essential for plant and animal growth, as well as the health of microbes inhabiting the soil, but is gradually depleted from the soil over time. The main biological function of phosphorus is that

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A Brief History of Botswana - ThoughtCo

11/02/2019  The Republic of Botswana in southern Africa was once a British protectorate but now is an independent country with a stable democracy. It is also an economic success story, rising from its status as one of the poorest countries of the world to the middle-income level, with sound financial institutions and plans to reinvest its natural resource income.

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Answered: Give a brief history of zoological bartleby

*Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes and may be longer for new subjects. Q: Which structure is result of phage genome site on bacterial chromosome? A: A virus that parasitizes the bacterial cell and also replicates in it is called bacteriophage ...

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A BRIEF HISTORY OF ANGOLA - Local Histories

A BRIEF HISTORY OF ANGOLA. By Tim Lambert. Early Angola. In the Middle Ages what is now Angola was organized into kingdoms. The people lived by agriculture. Craftsmen made things of metal and pottery. The Portuguese first reached Angola in 1483 but at first, they showed little interest in the area. The first Portuguese colony in Angola was not founded till 1575. In the

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Phosphorus Fertilizer: The Original and Commercial Sources ...

12/03/2018  Earlier the original source of phosphorus (P) fertilizer was bones; as time passes, the supply of P fertilizer will get exhausted. Today, rock phosphate is the only raw material in the form of P fertilizers. There are two types of rock phosphates: igneous and sedimentary; both have the same phosphate mineral, i.e., calcium phosphate of apatite group. The general formula for pure rock phosphate ...

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What are fertilisers? - Fertilisers - AQA - GCSE Chemistry ...

phosphate ions, PO 4 3-, are a source of soluble phosphorus all common potassium compounds dissolve in water to produce potassium ions, K + The table shows some examples of fertilisers, their ...

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Phosphorus in Your Diet - Healthline

31/07/2020  Phosphorus is the second most plentiful mineral in your body. Your body needs phosphorus for many functions, such as filtering waste and repairing your tissues.

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A Massive Sinkhole Just Dumped Radioactive Waste Into ...

21/09/2016  Florida’s phosphate deposits form an obscure but crucial hub in the global food system—they provide about 75 percent of the nation’s supply of phosphate

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A Brief History Of The BlackBerry

17/08/2009  Alastair Sweeny: Corporate history is my passion. I know people at RIM and people who do business with RIM who I knew would be helpful in terms of

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History of Valentine’s Day - Facts, Origins Traditions ...

11/02/2021  The history of Valentine’s Day—and the story of its patron saint—is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s ...

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A Brief History of Botswana - ThoughtCo

11/02/2019  The Republic of Botswana in southern Africa was once a British protectorate but now is an independent country with a stable democracy. It is also an economic success story, rising from its status as one of the poorest countries of the world to the middle-income level, with sound financial institutions and plans to reinvest its natural resource income.

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Brief History of WHO Credible Voice: WHO-Beijing and the ...

Brief History of WHO. The World Health Organization was created in 1948 to coordinate health affairs within the United Nations system. Its initial priorities were malaria, tuberculosis, venereal disease and other communicable diseases, plus women and children’s health, nutrition and sanitation. From the start, it worked with member countries to identify and address public health issues ...

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A Brief History of Chocolate Arts Culture ...

01/03/2008  In the book The True History of Chocolate, authors Sophie and Michael Coe make a case that the earliest linguistic evidence of chocolate consumption stretches back three or

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A Brief History of the Internet

A Brief History of the Internet Sharing Resources. The Internet started in the 1960s as a way for government researchers to share information. Computers in the '60s were large and immobile and in order to make use of information stored in any one computer, one had to either travel to the site of the computer or have magnetic computer tapes sent through the conventional postal system. Another ...

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Phosphorus - Wikipedia

The white phosphorus is then oxidised to phosphoric acid and subsequently neutralised with base to give phosphate salts. Phosphoric acid produced from white phosphorus is relatively pure and is the main route for the production of phosphates for all purposes, including detergent production. In the early 1990s, Albright and Wilson's purified wet phosphoric acid business was being adversely ...

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Phosphorus - Health Professional Fact Sheet

Phosphorus in supplements is usually in the form of phosphate salts (e.g., dipotassium phosphate or disodium phosphate) or phospholipids (e.g., phosphatidylcholine or phosphatidylserine). Products typically provide 10% or less of the DV for phosphorus, but

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Base pairing - Structure of DNA - Higher Biology Revision ...

and the phosphate of the next nucleotide. These strong bonds form a sugar-phosphate backbone. The ends of the DNA strand are called the 5' end (said as "5 prime end") at the phosphate end, and the ...

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Determination of Phosphate in Water Samples by the ...

09/04/2018  Also, give the formula and structure of either Explain the purpose of using these two . Refer to Reference 6. Outline the principle involved in the phosphorus determination method reported in this reference. Then, briefly compare and contrast between the reported method and the ascorbic acid reduction method in Experiment 2.

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THE HISTORY OF OZONE. THE SCHÖNBEIN PERIOD, 1839-1868

The phosphorus smell (sic) is produced at the posi-tive electrode only, and under no circumstances what- soever at the negative one: when the gases resulting from electrolysis of water are collected in separate vessels, the smell is perceived only in that which con-tains oxygen. 3. The odorous principle can be preserved in well-closed vessels for a great length of time. 4. Formation of the ...

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(PDF) Katerina Martina Teaiwa, Consuming Ocean Island ...

However, the history of land before mining remains brief and she pays more attention to the "stories of P" (p.28). Teaiwa pursues five different stories of phosphorous to highlight why indigenous Banabans need to pay attention to the science behind this compound. The stories highlight how diminishing phosphate resources give meaning to the colonial past and why indigenous people might look at ...

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The Chemical Structure of DNA – Compound Interest

24/03/2015  This graphic provides an overview of its common structure across these life forms, and a brief explanation of how it allows proteins to be generated. DNA is found in the nucleus of cells in multicellular organisms, and was first isolated in 1869, by the Swiss physician Friedrich Miescher. However, its structure was not elucidated until almost a century later, in 1953. The authors of the

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History of Nauru - Wikipedia

Pre-history: until 1888: German Rule: 1888–1919: Australia trust: 1920–1967: Japanese Rule: 1942–45: Nauru Independence: 1968–present: Major Events; Phosphate originally found: 1907: Collapse of phosphate industry: 2002 : The history of human activity in Nauru, an island country in the Pacific Ocean, began roughly 3,000 years ago when 12 Micronesian and Polynesian clans settled the ...

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Vitamins and minerals: a brief guide

a brief guide. Vitamins and minerals: a brief guide. Vitamins are organic nutrients that are essential for life. Our bodies need vitamins to function properly. We cannot produce most vitamins ourselves, at least not in sufficient quantities to meet our needs. Therefore, they have to be obtained through the food we eat. A mineral is an element that originates in the Earth and always retains its ...

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Cocaine - HISTORY

21/08/2018  Cocaine is a stimulant drug that’s made from the leaves of the South American coca plant. For thousands of years, indigenous people in the Amazon Rainforest

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